Padang TIME – Sponsored by the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, the preparation of this annual list considers the academic value of archaeological discoveries as the main criterion. This year’s list includes six new archaeological finds in China, including the Sanxingdui site and the Piluo site in Sichuan Province.
The Sanxingdui site was discovered by accident in the 1920s by a farmer in Guanghan, Sichuan province, while repairing a ditch.
An important breakthrough came in the 1980s when two large sacrificial pits were discovered. This discovery is dubbed as one of the greatest archaeological discoveries in the world of the 20th century.
From November 2019 to May 2020, six new sacrificial pits were discovered at the site. By the end of 2021, archaeologists had excavated more than 10,000 relics in the new pits, including gold masks, bronze statues, ivory, and silk remains.
The relic is believed to have come from the ancient state of Shu. The state survived for more than 2,000 years, and existed at least 4,800 years ago. The relic is also closely related to present-day Sichuan Province, the middle and lower regions of the Yangtze River, and the Central China Plain. In fact, this relic bears witness to the unity and diversity of Chinese civilization.
The Piluo site was discovered in May 2020 in Daocheng county, Sichuan province. Archaeologists found nearly 10,000 stone artifacts at this site, at an altitude of 3,750 meters.
One of the most important inventions was the Acheulean hand ax. This object is an Acheulean tool found at the highest location in the world, or an expertly crafted flint ax during the Lower Paleolithic age.
According to Zheng Zhexuan, archaeologist at Sichuan Provincial Cultural Relics and Archeology Research Institute, the find is to date the most beautiful and complete Acheulean tools ever found in East Asia.
The findings also “fill a gap in scientific research that shows how humans migrated and brought about cultural communication in ancient times.
The Sanxingdui and Piluo sites are among the important projects of “Archaeological China”, a large-scale research program initiated by the National Cultural Heritage Administration.
Source : Sichuan Provincial Cultural Relics and Archeology Research Institute